Romantic Love Essays

Romanticism can be described as a cult of the autonomous isolated self. Explain how Goethe’s Sorrows of Young Werther exemplifies this mystique of inward personality. What role does childhood/childishness play in Werther’s love? What is it the love of? What ideal does it flee? What ideal does it embrace? Why does it logically end in suicide? Goethe’s character Werther is the inward personality because he lives not in the world of the real, but in his own mind. He has not entered the real sphere and thus his whole being is defined by what is inside of him rather than the true reality. He lives his life constructing the world around him to instead of living in the real world. He is isolated because he never interacts with anything besides his own mind. In the book, Werther is definitely presented as a loner.

His contention with his longer life comes from the fact that his life doesn’t need any other people or things. Werther’s own vision and the world in his mind allow him to reject the outside world and be a loner. Werther is a character who thinks too much and feels his most childish and low-level desires. This is part of the reason Werther is a child. He gives in to all of his easiest and low level desires when he. Werther projects his own view of someone onto those around him. This projection is why Werther never really learns who Lotte is, because for Werther she becomes whatever he thinks she is. Lotte is made into the perfect angel not because she really is, but because Werther makes her into one in his mind. As a loner, Werther is at the mercy of his own self-criticisms. These thoughts play a large role in the emotional lows Werther feels which contribute to his suicide. Werther is a child in the story who has demands and desires that must be filled. Werther is like many children in that he gets very upset and emotional when he doesn’t get the things he wants. An adult comes to terms with his desires and understands that one doesn’t get everything he desires in the real world. To not get what he wants is a blow to Werther’s fragile inward world because he then feels the real world. Like a child, Werther wishes to be taken care of by others. He can thus keep living in his dream world without worry. Lotte is a mother figure who Werther wishes to be dependent on and care for him because he can’t care for himself. He also needs protection from having the real world spoil his inward life. She fills the void in his life of a nurturing force that gives him happiness. Werther falls in love with the feeling of having that void closed. Lotte as a person is not who Werther falls in love with, rather what she represents as a mother figure that can protect him. He is essentially a child in need of a mother who can keep all the bad away from his life, rather than an adult who can take on his problems and live in reality. Werther’s suicide is also due to his childish nature. Even below a child, Werther can be seen as an infant who is completely dependent on his mother in the womb. For Werther to commit suicide , he would be going back to his origins even before he was in the womb. Death also represents a type of ultimate dream. Only in death is it possible to completely leave the objective world and possibly to live in fantasy forever. If Werther’s inner world was able to transcend his body, he could stay within that world forever without ever being interrupted. Werther is a child who plays a game of make-believe with the rest of the world. He is quite smart and sometimes can think for himself, like his rejection of the class biases he experienced as a clerk, but he cannot fully face all his problems like a man. For Werther, the idea of Lotte was so critical to his happiness that he was unable to control himself. His inner deficiencies led him to crave Lotte in such a way that he became a child again. 1.What is the connection between ontology and love? Explain in what ways spiritual love differs from romance? In what way does spiritual love set an ideal for human sentimental love. Explain and justify whether in your view ontological love (spiritual love) may provide a useful ideal. Ontology and love are related because to love is to have an understanding of being. Love is the act of completely accepting the reality and being of someone else. To truly love someone, their being must be open for the other person to make a connection. Being is love because to truly be in this world is to love this world. Being in the world is hard for many people and they need to resort to forces in their head to deal. Being itself is a form of love as one must love to be if he is still being. The ideas of spiritual love and romance are actually conflicting ideas. Romance is supposed to be a byproduct of true spiritual love rather than a reason for two people to fall in love. The practice of romance and intimacy are actions that can be carried out without spiritual love. If spiritual love is real, there should not need to be any romance between two people: their beings should be enough. To romance someone any more than one has a feeling for is to no longer understand one’s true being and thus to not love. The two concepts of romance and spiritual love have no real connection outside of the generalizations of thought made by society. We group the two because they both involve loving in some way, but it is possible for the two to be mutually exclusive. Spiritual love sets ideal for human sentimental love because spiritual love contains understanding and peace that can be strived for in a sentimental love. Love has been described as finding the soul’s counterpart in another. Spiritual love can be viewed as finding the soul’s counterpart with the universe so that there is nothing but pure being. A relationship can have two people simply be with one another and have the understanding and acceptance of each other’s being to find peace in another. The same steps can be taken in spiritual love as sentimental love. Ontological love or spiritual love is an ideal that would allow people to live in peace with their existence, so it is one of the ultimate ideals for which we should strive. Ontological love is the highest form of truth and understanding in this world. People can know and understand so much greater about their existence, so it is a great ideal to which society as a whole should try to reach up to. People would have to lose the distortions of reality they use to give themselves self-gratification, though. For many in society, these distortions aren’t worth giving up for a concept like ontological love. When people embrace love and understanding of being we bring ourselves closer to God, for someone who everything spawned creates love by giving a sense of being. For people, the way to be the most godlike is to lose all the distortions and meaningless that comes from the mind. Thus we finally hit as to why ontological love is such a hard

Explain and justify whether in your view ontological love (spiritual love) may provide a useful ideal. Ontology and love are related because to love is to have an understanding of being. Love is the act of completely accepting the reality and being of someone else. To truly love someone, their being must be open for the other person to make a connection. Being is love because to truly be in this world is to love this world. Being in the world is hard for many people and they need to resort to forces in their head to deal. Being itself is a form of love as one must love to be if he is still being. The ideas of spiritual love and romance are actually conflicting ideas. Romance is supposed to be a byproduct of true spiritual love rather than a reason for two people to fall in love. The practice of romance and intimacy are actions that can be carried out without spiritual love. If spiritual love is real, there should not need to be any romance between two people: their beings should be enough. To romance someone any more than one has a feeling for is to no longer understand one’s true being and thus to not love. The two concepts of romance and spiritual love have no real connection outside of the generalizations of thought made by society. We group the two because they both involve loving in some way, but it is possible for the two to be mutually exclusive. Spiritual love sets ideal for human sentimental love because spiritual love contains understanding and peace that can be strived for in a sentimental love. Love has been described as finding the soul’s counterpart in another. Spiritual love can be viewed as finding the soul’s counterpart with the universe so that there is nothing but pure being. A relationship can have two people simply be with one another and have the understanding and acceptance of each other’s being to find peace in another. The same steps can be taken in spiritual love as sentimental love. Ontological love or spiritual love is an ideal that would allow people to live in peace with their existence, so it is one of the ultimate ideals for which we should strive. Ontological love is the highest form of truth and understanding in this world. People can know and understand so much greater about their existence, so it is a great ideal to which society as a whole should try to reach up to. People would have to lose the distortions of reality they use to give themselves self-gratification, though. For many in society, these distortions aren’t worth giving up for a concept like ontological love. When people embrace love and understanding of being we bring ourselves closer to God, for someone who everything spawned creates love by giving a sense of being. For people, the way to be the most godlike is to lose all the distortions and meaningless that comes from the mind. Thus we finally hit as to why ontological love is such a hard

The two concepts of romance and spiritual love have no real connection outside of the generalizations of thought made by society. We group the two because they both involve loving in some way, but it is possible for the two to be mutually exclusive. Spiritual love sets ideal for human sentimental love because spiritual love contains understanding and peace that can be strived for in a sentimental love. Love has been described as finding the soul’s counterpart in another. Spiritual love can be viewed as finding the soul’s counterpart with the universe so that there is nothing but pure being. A relationship can have two people simply be with one another and have the understanding and acceptance of each other’s being to find peace in another. The same steps can be taken in spiritual love as sentimental love. Ontological love or spiritual love is an ideal that would allow people to live in peace with their existence, so it is one of the ultimate ideals for which we should strive. Ontological love is the highest form of truth and understanding in this world. People can know and understand so much greater about their existence, so it is a great ideal to which society as a whole should try to reach up to. People would have to lose the distortions of reality they use to give themselves self-gratification, though. For many in society, these distortions aren’t worth giving up for a concept like ontological love. When people embrace love and understanding of being we bring ourselves closer to God, for someone who everything spawned creates love by giving a sense of being. For people, the way to be the most godlike is to lose all the distortions and meaningless that comes from the mind. Thus we finally hit as to why ontological love is such a hard ideal for man to contain: are selves are too complex for being, but not smart enough for full understanding. Humans are too conscious and too critical of creatures to be in true peace, as the brain itself serves as an obstacle to true being. On the other hand, we are not advanced enough to fully understand all the questions of existence and God’s plan. Humans live on a middle ground between the most peace and understanding this world has to offer us and the ultimate understanding and knowledge of God. Thus, to be the most god-like one can be in this world, he must lower himself and free himself

For many in society, these distortions aren’t worth giving up for a concept like ontological love. When people embrace love and understanding of being we bring ourselves closer to God, for someone who everything spawned creates love by giving a sense of being. For people, the way to be the most godlike is to lose all the distortions and meaningless that comes from the mind. Thus we finally hit as to why ontological love is such a hard ideal for man to contain: are selves are too complex for being, but not smart enough for full understanding. Humans are too conscious and too critical of creatures to be in true peace, as the brain itself serves as an obstacle to true being. On the other hand, we are not advanced enough to fully understand all the questions of existence and God’s plan. Humans live on a middle ground between the most peace and understanding this world has to offer us and the ultimate understanding and knowledge of God. Thus, to be the most god-like one can be in this world, he must lower himself and free himself

Even below a child, Werther can be seen as an infant who is completely dependent on his mother in the womb. For Werther to commit suicide , he would be going back to his origins even before he was in the womb. Death also represents a type of ultimate dream. Only in death is it possible to completely leave the objective world and possibly to live in fantasy forever. If Werther’s inner world was able to transcend his body, he could stay within that world forever without ever being interrupted. Werther is a child who plays a game of make-believe with the rest of the world. He is quite smart and sometimes can think for himself, like his rejection of the class biases he experienced as a clerk, but he cannot fully face all his problems like a man. For Werther, the idea of Lotte was so critical to his happiness that he was unable to control himself. His inner deficiencies led him to crave Lotte in such a way that he became a child again. 1.What is the connection between ontology and love? Explain in what ways spiritual love differs from romance? In what way does spiritual love set an ideal for human sentimental love. Explain and justify whether in your view ontological love (spiritual love) may provide a useful ideal. Ontology and love are related because to love is to have an understanding of being. Love is the act of completely accepting the reality and being of someone else. To truly love someone, their being must be open for the other person to make a connection. Being is love because to truly be in this world is to love this world. Being in the world is hard for many people and they need to resort to forces in their head to deal. Being itself is a form of love as one must love to be if he is still being. The ideas of spiritual love and romance are actually conflicting ideas. Romance is supposed to be a byproduct of true spiritual love rather than a reason for two people to fall in love. The practice of romance and intimacy are actions that can be carried out without spiritual love. If spiritual love is real, there should not need to be any romance between two people: their beings should be enough. To romance someone any more than one has a feeling for is to no longer understand one’s true being and thus to not love. The two concepts of romance and spiritual love have no real connection outside of the generalizations of thought made by society. We group the two because they both involve loving in some way, but it is possible for the two to be mutually exclusive. Spiritual love sets ideal for human sentimental love because spiritual love contains understanding and peace that can be strived for in a sentimental love. Love has been described as finding the soul’s counterpart in another. Spiritual love can be viewed as finding the soul’s counterpart with the universe so that there is nothing but pure being. A relationship can have two people simply be with one another and have the understanding and acceptance of each other’s being to find peace in another. The same steps can be taken in spiritual love as sentimental love. Ontological love or spiritual love is an ideal that would allow people to live in peace with their existence, so it is one of the ultimate ideals for which we should strive. Ontological love is the highest form of truth and understanding in this world. People can know and understand so much greater about their existence, so it is a great ideal to which society as a whole should try to reach up to. People would have to lose the distortions of reality they use to give themselves self-gratification, though. For many in society, these distortions aren’t worth giving up for a concept like ontological love. When people embrace love and understanding of being we bring ourselves closer to God, for someone who everything spawned creates love by giving a sense of being. For people, the way to be the most godlike is to lose all the distortions and meaningless that comes from the mind. Thus we finally hit as to why ontological love is such a hard

For many in society, these distortions aren’t worth giving up for a concept like ontological love. When people embrace love and understanding of being we bring ourselves closer to God, for someone who everything spawned creates love by giving a sense of being. For people, the way to be the most godlike is to lose all the distortions and meaningless that comes from the mind. Thus we finally hit as to why ontological love is such a hard ideal for man to contain: are selves are too complex for being, but not smart enough for full understanding. Humans are too conscious and too critical of creatures to be in true peace, as the brain itself serves as an obstacle to true being. On the other hand, we are not advanced enough to fully understand all the questions of existence and God’s plan. Humans live on a middle ground between the most peace and understanding this world has to offer us and the ultimate understanding and knowledge of God. Thus, to be the most god-like one can be in this world, he must lower himself and free himself of the shackles of his mind to experience life as it truly is, to love life. Explain Stendhal’s theory of love. How does it typify romanticism? What is it the love of? How does its sensualism foreshadow the consumerist view of love prevailing today? The key to love in Stendhal’s view is the process of crystallization, which explains that once someone takes an interest in another, that person is no longer seen as who he/she is but who the lover wants. The crystallization process is broken down into four stages: admiration, acknowledgement, hope and delight. Admiration involves viewing the person on a pedestal. After admiration, the interactions bring about an acknowledgment of the others potential and their own personal interest. Hope allows for both parties to go to great lengths in order to try and be with each other. And finally there is delight in finally getting your partner after having gone through all the steps. The love that Stendhal is speaking of is a self-fulfilling love. It is a love driven by vanity and feeling good about oneself rather than having a real connection to another human being. It also identifies the inner wanting and illusions that falling in love entails. Stendhal deconstructs love and pokes fun at how baseless much of it is. He shows it as a construction of the mind used for self-fulfillment. Stendhal’s view of love foreshadows today’s concept of love where the idea is not held in high esteem. The idea that love has become “consumerist” means that it has become another product that is supposed to make our lives better. Love has ceased to be about a meaningful connection and more about the fulfilling experience. Love has even become a burden to some people, who feel they are too busy to try and love someone. Today’s climate has the general narcissistic tone as Stendhal writes of, but today’s love is different in that love is a commodity which people can do without. There is still a social pressure for member’s of society to have a companion, but today the steps of crystallization don’t begin at all sometimes. People feel alright with having their mate and it is not essential for them to be in love. Society has told love that it does not need it anymore and stopped bothering with it. The other aspect of the consumerism of love is in relation to those people are attracted to. Other people have become like products at a store which we can put in a cart or put back on the shelf like it is nothing. People feel like they can replace who they are with at any time and thus don’t try to even make a real connection. It is fine for many to know someone on a surface level and when things go sour, to find someone new and don’t look back. Modern society has inherited some of Stendhal’s beliefs about the superficiality and vanity involved in love, but also added a modern apathy on the idea.

After admiration, the interactions bring about an acknowledgment of the others potential and their own personal interest. Hope allows for both parties to go to great lengths in order to try and be with each other. And finally there is delight in finally getting your partner after having gone through all the steps. The love that Stendhal is speaking of is a self-fulfilling love. It is a love driven by vanity and feeling good about oneself rather than having a real connection to another human being. It also identifies the inner wanting and illusions that falling in love entails. Stendhal deconstructs love and pokes fun at how baseless much of it is. He shows it as a construction of the mind used for self-fulfillment. Stendhal’s view of love foreshadows today’s concept of love where the idea is not held in high esteem. The idea that love has become “consumerist” means that it has become another product that is supposed to make our lives better. Love has ceased to be about a meaningful connection and more about the fulfilling experience. Love has even become a burden to some people, who feel they are too busy to try and love someone. Today’s climate has the general narcissistic tone as Stendhal writes of, but today’s love is different in that love is a commodity which people can do without. There is still a social pressure for member’s of society to have a companion, but today the steps of crystallization don’t begin at all sometimes. People feel alright with having their mate and it is not essential for them to be in love. Society has told love that it does not need it anymore and stopped bothering with it. The other aspect of the consumerism of love is in relation to those people are attracted to. Other people have become like products at a store which we can put in a cart or put back on the shelf like it is nothing. People feel like they can replace who they are with at any time and thus don’t try to even make a real connection. It is fine for many to know someone on a surface level and when things go sour, to find someone new and don’t look back. Modern society has inherited some of Stendhal’s beliefs about the superficiality and vanity involved in love, but also added a modern apathy on the idea.

Love has ceased to be about a meaningful connection and more about the fulfilling experience. Love has even become a burden to some people, who feel they are too busy to try and love someone. Today’s climate has the general narcissistic tone as Stendhal writes of, but today’s love is different in that love is a commodity which people can do without. There is still a social pressure for member’s of society to have a companion, but today the steps of crystallization don’t begin at all sometimes. People feel alright with having their mate and it is not essential for them to be in love. Society has told love that it does not need it anymore and stopped bothering with it. The other aspect of the consumerism of love is in relation to those people are attracted to. Other people have become like products at a store which we can put in a cart or put back on the shelf like it is nothing. People feel like they can replace who they are with at any time and thus don’t try to even make a real connection. It is fine for many to know someone on a surface level and when things go sour, to find someone new and don’t look back. Modern society has inherited some of Stendhal’s beliefs about the superficiality and vanity involved in love, but also added a modern apathy on the idea.

The ideas of spiritual love and romance are actually conflicting ideas. Romance is supposed to be a byproduct of true spiritual love rather than a reason for two people to fall in love. The practice of romance and intimacy are actions that can be carried out without spiritual love. If spiritual love is real, there should not need to be any romance between two people: their beings should be enough. To romance someone any more than one has a feeling for is to no longer understand one’s true being and thus to not love. The two concepts of romance and spiritual love have no real connection outside of the generalizations of thought made by society. We group the two because they both involve loving in some way, but it is possible for the two to be mutually exclusive. Spiritual love sets ideal for human sentimental love because spiritual love contains understanding and peace that can be strived for in a sentimental love. Love has been described as finding the soul’s counterpart in another. Spiritual love can be viewed as finding the soul’s counterpart with the universe so that there is nothing but pure being. A relationship can have two people simply be with one another and have the understanding and acceptance of each other’s being to find peace in another. The same steps can be taken in spiritual love as sentimental love. Ontological love or spiritual love is an ideal that would allow people to live in peace with their existence, so it is one of the ultimate ideals for which we should strive. Ontological love is the highest form of truth and understanding in this world. People can know and understand so much greater about their existence, so it is a great ideal to which society as a whole should try to reach up to. People would have to lose the distortions of reality they use to give themselves self-gratification, though. For many in society, these distortions aren’t worth giving up for a concept like ontological love. When people embrace love and understanding of being we bring ourselves closer to God, for someone who everything spawned creates love by giving a sense of being. For people, the way to be the most godlike is to lose all the distortions and meaningless that comes from the mind. Thus we finally hit as to why ontological love is such a hard

Ontological love is the highest form of truth and understanding in this world. People can know and understand so much greater about their existence, so it is a great ideal to which society as a whole should try to reach up to. People would have to lose the distortions of reality they use to give themselves self-gratification, though. For many in society, these distortions aren’t worth giving up for a concept like ontological love. When people embrace love and understanding of being we bring ourselves closer to God, for someone who everything spawned creates love by giving a sense of being. For people, the way to be the most godlike is to lose all the distortions and meaningless that comes from the mind. Thus we finally hit as to why ontological love is such a hard ideal for man to contain: are selves are too complex for being, but not smart enough for full understanding. Humans are too conscious and too critical of creatures to be in true peace, as the brain itself serves as an obstacle to true being. On the other hand, we are not advanced enough to fully understand all the questions of existence and God’s plan. Humans live on a middle ground between the most peace and understanding this world has to offer us and the ultimate understanding and knowledge of God. Thus, to be the most god-like one can be in this world, he must lower himself and free himself of the shackles of his mind to experience life as it truly is, to love life. Explain Stendhal’s theory of love. How does it typify romanticism? What is it the love of? How does its sensualism foreshadow the consumerist view of love prevailing today? The key to love in Stendhal’s view is the process of crystallization, which explains that once someone takes an interest in another, that person is no longer seen as who he/she is but who the lover wants. The crystallization process is broken down into four stages: admiration, acknowledgement, hope and delight. Admiration involves viewing the person on a pedestal. After admiration, the interactions bring about an acknowledgment of the others potential and their own personal interest. Hope allows for both parties to go to great lengths in order to try and be with each other. And finally there is delight in finally getting your partner after having gone through all the steps. The love that Stendhal is speaking of is a self-fulfilling love. It is a love driven by vanity and feeling good about oneself rather than having a real connection to another human being. It also identifies the inner wanting and illusions that falling in love entails. Stendhal deconstructs love and pokes fun at how baseless much of it is. He shows it as a construction of the mind used for self-fulfillment. Stendhal’s view of love foreshadows today’s concept of love where the idea is not held in high esteem. The idea that love has become “consumerist” means that it has become another product that is supposed to make our lives better. Love has ceased to be about a meaningful connection and more about the fulfilling experience. Love has even become a burden to some people, who feel they are too busy to try and love someone. Today’s climate has the general narcissistic tone as Stendhal writes of, but today’s love is different in that love is a commodity which people can do without. There is still a social pressure for member’s of society to have a companion, but today the steps of crystallization don’t begin at all sometimes. People feel alright with having their mate and it is not essential for them to be in love. Society has told love that it does not need it anymore and stopped bothering with it. The other aspect of the consumerism of love is in relation to those people are attracted to. Other people have become like products at a store which we can put in a cart or put back on the shelf like it is nothing. People feel like they can replace who they are with at any time and thus don’t try to even make a real connection. It is fine for many to know someone on a surface level and when things go sour, to find someone new and don’t look back. Modern society has inherited some of Stendhal’s beliefs about the superficiality and vanity involved in love, but also added a modern apathy on the idea.

Thus, to be the most god-like one can be in this world, he must lower himself and free himself of the shackles of his mind to experience life as it truly is, to love life. Explain Stendhal’s theory of love. How does it typify romanticism? What is it the love of? How does its sensualism foreshadow the consumerist view of love prevailing today? The key to love in Stendhal’s view is the process of crystallization, which explains that once someone takes an interest in another, that person is no longer seen as who he/she is but who the lover wants. The crystallization process is broken down into four stages: admiration, acknowledgement, hope and delight. Admiration involves viewing the person on a pedestal. After admiration, the interactions bring about an acknowledgment of the others potential and their own personal interest. Hope allows for both parties to go to great lengths in order to try and be with each other. And finally there is delight in finally getting your partner after having gone through all the steps. The love that Stendhal is speaking of is a self-fulfilling love. It is a love driven by vanity and feeling good about oneself rather than having a real connection to another human being. It also identifies the inner wanting and illusions that falling in love entails. Stendhal deconstructs love and pokes fun at how baseless much of it is. He shows it as a construction of the mind used for self-fulfillment. Stendhal’s view of love foreshadows today’s concept of love where the idea is not held in high esteem. The idea that love has become “consumerist” means that it has become another product that is supposed to make our lives better. Love has ceased to be about a meaningful connection and more about the fulfilling experience. Love has even become a burden to some people, who feel they are too busy to try and love someone. Today’s climate has the general narcissistic tone as Stendhal writes of, but today’s love is different in that love is a commodity which people can do without. There is still a social pressure for member’s of society to have a companion, but today the steps of crystallization don’t begin at all sometimes. People feel alright with having their mate and it is not essential for them to be in love. Society has told love that it does not need it anymore and stopped bothering with it. The other aspect of the consumerism of love is in relation to those people are attracted to. Other people have become like products at a store which we can put in a cart or put back on the shelf like it is nothing. People feel like they can replace who they are with at any time and thus don’t try to even make a real connection. It is fine for many to know someone on a surface level and when things go sour, to find someone new and don’t look back. Modern society has inherited some of Stendhal’s beliefs about the superficiality and vanity involved in love, but also added a modern apathy on the idea.

The same steps can be taken in spiritual love as sentimental love. Ontological love or spiritual love is an ideal that would allow people to live in peace with their existence, so it is one of the ultimate ideals for which we should strive. Ontological love is the highest form of truth and understanding in this world. People can know and understand so much greater about their existence, so it is a great ideal to which society as a whole should try to reach up to. People would have to lose the distortions of reality they use to give themselves self-gratification, though. For many in society, these distortions aren’t worth giving up for a concept like ontological love. When people embrace love and understanding of being we bring ourselves closer to God, for someone who everything spawned creates love by giving a sense of being. For people, the way to be the most godlike is to lose all the distortions and meaningless that comes from the mind. Thus we finally hit as to why ontological love is such a hard ideal for man to contain: are selves are too complex for being, but not smart enough for full understanding. Humans are too conscious and too critical of creatures to be in true peace, as the brain itself serves as an obstacle to true being. On the other hand, we are not advanced enough to fully understand all the questions of existence and God’s plan. Humans live on a middle ground between the most peace and understanding this world has to offer us and the ultimate understanding and knowledge of God. Thus, to be the most god-like one can be in this world, he must lower himself and free himself of the shackles of his mind to experience life as it truly is, to love life. Explain Stendhal’s theory of love. How does it typify romanticism? What is it the love of? How does its sensualism foreshadow the consumerist view of love prevailing today? The key to love in Stendhal’s view is the process of crystallization, which explains that once someone takes an interest in another, that person is no longer seen as who he/she is but who the lover wants. The crystallization process is broken down into four stages: admiration, acknowledgement, hope and delight. Admiration involves viewing the person on a pedestal. After admiration, the interactions bring about an acknowledgment of the others potential and their own personal interest. Hope allows for both parties to go to great lengths in order to try and be with each other. And finally there is delight in finally getting your partner after having gone through all the steps. The love that Stendhal is speaking of is a self-fulfilling love. It is a love driven by vanity and feeling good about oneself rather than having a real connection to another human being. It also identifies the inner wanting and illusions that falling in love entails. Stendhal deconstructs love and pokes fun at how baseless much of it is. He shows it as a construction of the mind used for self-fulfillment. Stendhal’s view of love foreshadows today’s concept of love where the idea is not held in high esteem. The idea that love has become “consumerist” means that it has become another product that is supposed to make our lives better. Love has ceased to be about a meaningful connection and more about the fulfilling experience. Love has even become a burden to some people, who feel they are too busy to try and love someone. Today’s climate has the general narcissistic tone as Stendhal writes of, but today’s love is different in that love is a commodity which people can do without. There is still a social pressure for member’s of society to have a companion, but today the steps of crystallization don’t begin at all sometimes. People feel alright with having their mate and it is not essential for them to be in love. Society has told love that it does not need it anymore and stopped bothering with it. The other aspect of the consumerism of love is in relation to those people are attracted to. Other people have become like products at a store which we can put in a cart or put back on the shelf like it is nothing. People feel like they can replace who they are with at any time and thus don’t try to even make a real connection. It is fine for many to know someone on a surface level and when things go sour, to find someone new and don’t look back. Modern society has inherited some of Stendhal’s beliefs about the superficiality and vanity involved in love, but also added a modern apathy on the idea.

Explain in what ways spiritual love differs from romance? In what way does spiritual love set an ideal for human sentimental love. Explain and justify whether in your view ontological love (spiritual love) may provide a useful ideal. Ontology and love are related because to love is to have an understanding of being. Love is the act of completely accepting the reality and being of someone else. To truly love someone, their being must be open for the other person to make a connection. Being is love because to truly be in this world is to love this world. Being in the world is hard for many people and they need to resort to forces in their head to deal. Being itself is a form of love as one must love to be if he is still being. The ideas of spiritual love and romance are actually conflicting ideas. Romance is supposed to be a byproduct of true spiritual love rather than a reason for two people to fall in love. The practice of romance and intimacy are actions that can be carried out without spiritual love. If spiritual love is real, there should not need to be any romance between two people: their beings should be enough. To romance someone any more than one has a feeling for is to no longer understand one’s true being and thus to not love. The two concepts of romance and spiritual love have no real connection outside of the generalizations of thought made by society. We group the two because they both involve loving in some way, but it is possible for the two to be mutually exclusive. Spiritual love sets ideal for human sentimental love because spiritual love contains understanding and peace that can be strived for in a sentimental love. Love has been described as finding the soul’s counterpart in another. Spiritual love can be viewed as finding the soul’s counterpart with the universe so that there is nothing but pure being. A relationship can have two people simply be with one another and have the understanding and acceptance of each other’s being to find peace in another. The same steps can be taken in spiritual love as sentimental love. Ontological love or spiritual love is an ideal that would allow people to live in peace with their existence, so it is one of the ultimate ideals for which we should strive. Ontological love is the highest form of truth and understanding in this world. People can know and understand so much greater about their existence, so it is a great ideal to which society as a whole should try to reach up to. People would have to lose the distortions of reality they use to give themselves self-gratification, though. For many in society, these distortions aren’t worth giving up for a concept like ontological love. When people embrace love and understanding of being we bring ourselves closer to God, for someone who everything spawned creates love by giving a sense of being. For people, the way to be the most godlike is to lose all the distortions and meaningless that comes from the mind. Thus we finally hit as to why ontological love is such a hard ideal for man to contain: are selves are too complex for being, but not smart enough for full understanding. Humans are too conscious and too critical of creatures to be in true peace, as the brain itself serves as an obstacle to true being. On the other hand, we are not advanced enough to fully understand all the questions of existence and God’s plan. Humans live on a middle ground between the most peace and understanding this world has to offer us and the ultimate understanding and knowledge of God. Thus, to be the most god-like one can be in this world, he must lower himself and free himself of the shackles of his mind to experience life as it truly is, to love life. Explain Stendhal’s theory of love. How does it typify romanticism? What is it the love of? How does its sensualism foreshadow the consumerist view of love prevailing today? The key to love in Stendhal’s view is the process of crystallization, which explains that once someone takes an interest in another, that person is no longer seen as who he/she is but who the lover wants. The crystallization process is broken down into four stages: admiration, acknowledgement, hope and delight. Admiration involves viewing the person on a pedestal. After admiration, the interactions bring about an acknowledgment of the others potential and their own personal interest. Hope allows for both parties to go to great lengths in order to try and be with each other. And finally there is delight in finally getting your partner after having gone through all the steps. The love that Stendhal is speaking of is a self-fulfilling love. It is a love driven by vanity and feeling good about oneself rather than having a real connection to another human being. It also identifies the inner wanting and illusions that falling in love entails. Stendhal deconstructs love and pokes fun at how baseless much of it is. He shows it as a construction of the mind used for self-fulfillment. Stendhal’s view of love foreshadows today’s concept of love where the idea is not held in high esteem.

The idea that love has become “consumerist” means that it has become another product that is supposed to make our lives better. Love has ceased to be about a meaningful connection and more about the fulfilling experience. Love has even become a burden to some people, who feel they are too busy to try and love someone. Today’s climate has the general narcissistic tone as Stendhal writes of, but today’s love is different in that love is a commodity which people can do without. There is still a social pressure for member’s of society to have a companion, but today the steps of crystallization don’t begin at all sometimes.

People feel alright with having their mate and it is not essential for them to be in love. Society has told love that it does not need it anymore and stopped bothering with it. The other aspect of the consumerism of love is in relation to those people are attracted to. Other people have become like products at a store which we can put in a cart or put back on the shelf like it is nothing. People feel like they can replace who they are with at any time and thus don’t try to even make a real connection. It is fine for many to know someone on a surface level and when things go sour, to find someone new and don’t look back. Modern society has inherited some of Stendhal’s beliefs about the superficiality and vanity involved in love, but also added a modern apathy on the idea.

If spiritual love is real, there should not need to be any romance between two people: their beings should be enough. To romance someone any more than one has a feeling for is to no longer understand one’s true being and thus to not love. The two concepts of romance and spiritual love have no real connection outside of the generalizations of thought made by society. We group the two because they both involve loving in some way, but it is possible for the two to be mutually exclusive. Spiritual love sets ideal for human sentimental love because spiritual love contains understanding and peace that can be strived for in a sentimental love. Love has been described as finding the soul’s counterpart in another. Spiritual love can be viewed as finding the soul’s counterpart with the universe so that there is nothing but pure being. A relationship can have two people simply be with one another and have the understanding and acceptance of each other’s being to find peace in another. The same steps can be taken in spiritual love as sentimental love. Ontological love or spiritual love is an ideal that would allow people to live in peace with their existence, so it is one of the ultimate ideals for which we should strive. Ontological love is the highest form of truth and understanding in this world. People can know and understand so much greater about their existence, so it is a great ideal to which society as a whole should try to reach up to. People would have to lose the distortions of reality they use to give themselves self-gratification, though. For many in society, these distortions aren’t worth giving up for a concept like ontological love. When people embrace love and understanding of being we bring ourselves closer to God, for someone who everything spawned creates love by giving a sense of being. For people, the way to be the most godlike is to lose all the distortions and meaningless that comes from the mind.

Thus we finally hit as to why ontological love is such a hard ideal for man to contain: are selves are too complex for being, but not smart enough for full understanding. Humans are too conscious and too critical of creatures to be in true peace, as the brain itself serves as an obstacle to true being. On the other hand, we are not advanced enough to fully understand all the questions of existence and God’s plan. Humans live on a middle ground between the most peace and understanding this world has to offer us and the ultimate understanding and knowledge of God. Thus, to be the most god-like one can be in this world, he must lower himself and free himself of the shackles of his mind to experience life as it truly is, to love life. Explain Stendhal’s theory of love. How does it typify romanticism? What is it the love of? How does its sensualism foreshadow the consumerist view of love prevailing today? The key to love in Stendhal’s view is the process of crystallization, which explains that once someone takes an interest in another, that person is no longer seen as who he/she is but who the lover wants. The crystallization process is broken down into four stages: admiration, acknowledgement, hope and delight. Admiration involves viewing the person on a pedestal. After admiration, the interactions bring about an acknowledgment of the others potential and their own personal interest. Hope allows for both parties to go to great lengths in order to try and be with each other. And finally there is delight in finally getting your partner after having gone through all the steps. The love that Stendhal is speaking of is a self-fulfilling love. It is a love driven by vanity and feeling good about oneself rather than having a real connection to another human being. It also identifies the inner wanting and illusions that falling in love entails. Stendhal deconstructs love and pokes fun at how baseless much of it is. He shows it as a construction of the mind used for self-fulfillment. Stendhal’s view of love foreshadows today’s concept of love where the idea is not held in high esteem. The idea that love has become “consumerist” means that it has become another product that is supposed to make our lives better. Love has ceased to be about a meaningful connection and more about the fulfilling experience. Love has even become a burden to some people, who feel they are too busy to try and love someone. Today’s climate has the general narcissistic tone as Stendhal writes of, but today’s love is different in that love is a commodity which people can do without. There is still a social pressure for member’s of society to have a companion, but today the steps of crystallization don’t begin at all sometimes. People feel alright with having their mate and it is not essential for them to be in love. Society has told love that it does not need it anymore and stopped bothering with it. The other aspect of the consumerism of love is in relation to those people are attracted to. Other people have become like products at a store which we can put in a cart or put back on the shelf like it is nothing. People feel like they can replace who they are with at any time and thus don’t try to even make a real connection. It is fine for many to know someone on a surface level and when things go sour, to find someone new and don’t look back. Modern society has inherited some of Stendhal’s beliefs about the superficiality and vanity involved in love, but also added a modern apathy on the idea.

Ontological love or spiritual love is an ideal that would allow people to live in peace with their existence, so it is one of the ultimate ideals for which we should strive. Ontological love is the highest form of truth and understanding in this world. People can know and understand so much greater about their existence, so it is a great ideal to which society as a whole should try to reach up to. People would have to lose the distortions of reality they use to give themselves self-gratification, though. For many in society, these distortions aren’t worth giving up for a concept like ontological love. When people embrace love and understanding of being we bring ourselves closer to God, for someone who everything spawned creates love by giving a sense of being. For people, the way to be the most godlike is to lose all the distortions and meaningless that comes from the mind. Thus we finally hit as to why ontological love is such a hard ideal for man to contain: are selves are too complex for being, but not smart enough for full understanding. Humans are too conscious and too critical of creatures to be in true peace, as the brain itself serves as an obstacle to true being. On the other hand, we are not advanced enough to fully understand all the questions of existence and God’s plan. Humans live on a middle ground between the most peace and understanding this world has to offer us and the ultimate understanding and knowledge of God. Thus, to be the most god-like one can be in this world, he must lower himself and free himself of the shackles of his mind to experience life as it truly is, to love life. Explain Stendhal’s theory of love. How does it typify romanticism? What is it the love of? How does its sensualism foreshadow the consumerist view of love prevailing today? The key to love in Stendhal’s view is the process of crystallization, which explains that once someone takes an interest in another, that person is no longer seen as who he/she is but who the lover wants. The crystallization process is broken down into four stages: admiration, acknowledgement, hope and delight. Admiration involves viewing the person on a pedestal. After admiration, the interactions bring about an acknowledgment of the others potential and their own personal interest. Hope allows for both parties to go to great lengths in order to try and be with each other. And finally there is delight in finally getting your partner after having gone through all the steps. The love that Stendhal is speaking of is a self-fulfilling love. It is a love driven by vanity and feeling good about oneself rather than having a real connection to another human being. It also identifies the inner wanting and illusions that falling in love entails. Stendhal deconstructs love and pokes fun at how baseless much of it is. He shows it as a construction of the mind used for self-fulfillment. Stendhal’s view of love foreshadows today’s concept of love where the idea is not held in high esteem. The idea that love has become “consumerist” means that it has become another product that is supposed to make our lives better. Love has ceased to be about a meaningful connection and more about the fulfilling experience. Love has even become a burden to some people, who feel they are too busy to try and love someone. Today’s climate has the general narcissistic tone as Stendhal writes of, but today’s love is different in that love is a commodity which people can do without. There is still a social pressure for member’s of society to have a companion, but today the steps of crystallization don’t begin at all sometimes. People feel alright with having their mate and it is not essential for them to be in love. Society has told love that it does not need it anymore and stopped bothering with it. The other aspect of the consumerism of love is in relation to those people are attracted to. Other people have become like products at a store which we can put in a cart or put back on the shelf like it is nothing. People feel like they can replace who they are with at any time and thus don’t try to even make a real connection. It is fine for many to know someone on a surface level and when things go sour, to find someone new and don’t look back. Modern society has inherited some of Stendhal’s beliefs about the superficiality and vanity involved in love, but also added a modern apathy on the idea.

Thus we finally hit as to why ontological love is such a hard ideal for man to contain: are selves are too complex for being, but not smart enough for full understanding. Humans are too conscious and too critical of creatures to be in true peace, as the brain itself serves as an obstacle to true being. On the other hand, we are not advanced enough to fully understand all the questions of existence and God’s plan. Humans live on a middle ground between the most peace and understanding this world has to offer us and the ultimate understanding and knowledge of God. Thus, to be the most god-like one can be in this world, he must lower himself and free himself of the shackles of his mind to experience life as it truly is, to love life. Explain Stendhal’s theory of love. How does it typify romanticism? What is it the love of? How does its sensualism foreshadow the consumerist view of love prevailing today? The key to love in Stendhal’s view is the process of crystallization, which explains that once someone takes an interest in another, that person is no longer seen as who he/she is but who the lover wants. The crystallization process is broken down into four stages: admiration, acknowledgement, hope and delight. Admiration involves viewing the person on a pedestal. After admiration, the interactions bring about an acknowledgment of the others potential and their own personal interest. Hope allows for both parties to go to great lengths in order to try and be with each other. And finally there is delight in finally getting your partner after having gone through all the steps. The love that Stendhal is speaking of is a self-fulfilling love. It is a love driven by vanity and feeling good about oneself rather than having a real connection to another human being. It also identifies the inner wanting and illusions that falling in love entails. Stendhal deconstructs love and pokes fun at how baseless much of it is. He shows it as a construction of the mind used for self-fulfillment. Stendhal’s view of love foreshadows today’s concept of love where the idea is not held in high esteem. The idea that love has become “consumerist” means that it has become another product that is supposed to make our lives better. Love has ceased to be about a meaningful connection and more about the fulfilling experience. Love has even become a burden to some people, who feel they are too busy to try and love someone. Today’s climate has the general narcissistic tone as Stendhal writes of, but today’s love is different in that love is a commodity which people can do without. There is still a social pressure for member’s of society to have a companion, but today the steps of crystallization don’t begin at all sometimes. People feel alright with having their mate and it is not essential for them to be in love. Society has told love that it does not need it anymore and stopped bothering with it. The other aspect of the consumerism of love is in relation to those people are attracted to. Other people have become like products at a store which we can put in a cart or put back on the shelf like it is nothing. People feel like they can replace who they are with at any time and thus don’t try to even make a real connection. It is fine for many to know someone on a surface level and when things go sour, to find someone new and don’t look back. Modern society has inherited some of Stendhal’s beliefs about the superficiality and vanity involved in love, but also added a modern apathy on the idea.

The crystallization process is broken down into four stages: admiration, acknowledgement, hope and delight. Admiration involves viewing the person on a pedestal. After admiration, the interactions bring about an acknowledgment of the others potential and their own personal interest. Hope allows for both parties to go to great lengths in order to try and be with each other. And finally there is delight in finally getting your partner after having gone through all the steps. The love that Stendhal is speaking of is a self-fulfilling love. It is a love driven by vanity and feeling good about oneself rather than having a real connection to another human being. It also identifies the inner wanting and illusions that falling in love entails. Stendhal deconstructs love and pokes fun at how baseless much of it is. He shows it as a construction of the mind used for self-fulfillment. Stendhal’s view of love foreshadows today’s concept of love where the idea is not held in high esteem. The idea that love has become “consumerist” means that it has become another product that is supposed to make our lives better. Love has ceased to be about a meaningful connection and more about the fulfilling experience. Love has even become a burden to some people, who feel they are too busy to try and love someone. Today’s climate has the general narcissistic tone as Stendhal writes of, but today’s love is different in that love is a commodity which people can do without. There is still a social pressure for member’s of society to have a companion, but today the steps of crystallization don’t begin at all sometimes. People feel alright with having their mate and it is not essential for them to be in love. Society has told love that it does not need it anymore and stopped bothering with it. The other aspect of the consumerism of love is in relation to those people are attracted to. Other people have become like products at a store which we can put in a cart or put back on the shelf like it is nothing. People feel like they can replace who they are with at any time and thus don’t try to even make a real connection. It is fine for many to know someone on a surface level and when things go sour, to find someone new and don’t look back. Modern society has inherited some of Stendhal’s beliefs about the superficiality and vanity involved in love, but also added a modern apathy on the idea.

This is part of the reason Werther is a child. He gives in to all of his easiest and low level desires when he. Werther projects his own view of someone onto those around him. This projection is why Werther never really learns who Lotte is, because for Werther she becomes whatever he thinks she is. Lotte is made into the perfect angel not because she really is, but because Werther makes her into one in his mind. As a loner, Werther is at the mercy of his own self-criticisms. These thoughts play a large role in the emotional lows Werther feels which contribute to his suicide. Werther is a child in the story who has demands and desires that must be filled. Werther is like many children in that he gets very upset and emotional when he doesn’t get the things he wants. An adult comes to terms with his desires and understands that one doesn’t get everything he desires in the real world. To not get what he wants is a blow to Werther’s fragile inward world because he then feels the real world. Like a child, Werther wishes to be taken care of by others. He can thus keep living in his dream world without worry. Lotte is a mother figure who Werther wishes to be dependent on and care for him because he can’t care for himself. He also needs protection from having the real world spoil his inward life. She fills the void in his life of a nurturing force that gives him happiness. Werther falls in love with the feeling of having that void closed. Lotte as a person is not who Werther falls in love with, rather what she represents as a mother figure that can protect him. He is essentially a child in need of a mother who can keep all the bad away from his life, rather than an adult who can take on his problems and live in reality. Werther’s suicide is also due to his childish nature. Even below a child, Werther can be seen as an infant who is completely dependent on his mother in the womb. For Werther to commit suicide , he would be going back to his origins even before he was in the womb. Death also represents a type of ultimate dream. Only in death is it possible to completely leave the objective world and possibly to live in fantasy forever. If Werther’s inner world was able to transcend his body, he could stay within that world forever without ever being interrupted. Werther is a child who plays a game of make-believe with the rest of the world. He is quite smart and sometimes can think for himself, like his rejection of the class biases he experienced as a clerk, but he cannot fully face all his problems like a man. For Werther, the idea of Lotte was so critical to his happiness that he was unable to control himself. His inner deficiencies led him to crave Lotte in such a way that he became a child again. 1.What is the connection between ontology and love? Explain in what ways spiritual love differs from romance? In what way does spiritual love set an ideal for human sentimental love. Explain and justify whether in your view ontological love (spiritual love) may provide a useful ideal. Ontology and love are related because to love is to have an understanding of being. Love is the act of completely accepting the reality and being of someone else. To truly love someone, their being must be open for the other person to make a connection. Being is love because to truly be in this world is to love this world. Being in the world is hard for many people and they need to resort to forces in their head to deal. Being itself is a form of love as one must love to be if he is still being. The ideas of spiritual love and romance are actually conflicting ideas. Romance is supposed to be a byproduct of true spiritual love rather than a reason for two people to fall in love. The practice of romance and intimacy are actions that can be carried out without spiritual love. If spiritual love is real, there should not need to be any romance between two people: their beings should be enough. To romance someone any more than one has a feeling for is to no longer understand one’s true being and thus to not love. The two concepts of romance and spiritual love have no real connection outside of the generalizations of thought made by society. We group the two because they both involve loving in some way, but it is possible for the two to be mutually exclusive. Spiritual love sets ideal for human sentimental love because spiritual love contains understanding and peace that can be strived for in a sentimental love. Love has been described as finding the soul’s counterpart in another. Spiritual love can be viewed as finding the soul’s counterpart with the universe so that there is nothing but pure being. A relationship can have two people simply be with one another and have the understanding and acceptance of each other’s being to find peace in another. The same steps can be taken in spiritual love as sentimental love. Ontological love or spiritual love is an ideal that would allow people to live in peace with their existence, so it is one of the ultimate ideals for which we should strive. Ontological love is the highest form of truth and understanding in this world. People can know and understand so much greater about their existence, so it is a great ideal to which society as a whole should try to reach up to. People would have to lose the distortions of reality they use to give themselves self-gratification, though. For many in society, these distortions aren’t worth giving up for a concept like ontological love. When people embrace love and understanding of being we bring ourselves closer to God, for someone who everything spawned creates love by giving a sense of being. For people, the way to be the most godlike is to lose all the distortions and meaningless that comes from the mind. Thus we finally hit as to why ontological love is such a hard ideal for man to contain: are selves are too complex for being, but not smart enough for full understanding. Humans are too conscious and too critical of creatures to be in true peace, as the brain itself serves as an obstacle to true being. On the other hand, we are not advanced enough to fully understand all the questions of existence and God’s plan. Humans live on a middle ground between the most peace and understanding this world has to offer us and the ultimate understanding and knowledge of God. Thus, to be the most god-like one can be in this world, he must lower himself and free himself of the shackles of his mind to experience life as it truly is, to love life. Explain Stendhal’s theory of love. How does it typify romanticism? What is it the love of? How does its sensualism foreshadow the consumerist view of love prevailing today? The key to love in Stendhal’s view is the process of crystallization, which explains that once someone takes an interest in another, that person is no longer seen as who he/she is but who the lover wants. The crystallization process is broken down into four stages: admiration, acknowledgement, hope and delight. Admiration involves viewing the person on a pedestal. After admiration, the interactions bring about an acknowledgment of the others potential and their own personal interest. Hope allows for both parties to go to great lengths in order to try and be with each other. And finally there is delight in finally getting your partner after having gone through all the steps. The love that Stendhal is speaking of is a self-fulfilling love. It is a love driven by vanity and feeling good about oneself rather than having a real connection to another human being. It also identifies the inner wanting and illusions that falling in love entails. Stendhal deconstructs love and pokes fun at how baseless much of it is. He shows it as a construction of the mind used for self-fulfillment. Stendhal’s view of love foreshadows today’s concept of love where the idea is not held in high esteem. The idea that love has become “consumerist” means that it has become another product that is supposed to make our lives better. Love has ceased to be about a meaningful connection and more about the fulfilling experience. Love has even become a burden to some people, who feel they are too busy to try and love someone. Today’s climate has the general narcissistic tone as Stendhal writes of, but today’s love is different in that love is a commodity which people can do without. There is still a social pressure for member’s of society to have a companion, but today the steps of crystallization don’t begin at all sometimes. People feel alright with having their mate and it is not essential for them to be in love. Society has told love that it does not need it anymore and stopped bothering with it. The other aspect of the consumerism of love is in relation to those people are attracted to. Other people have become like products at a store which we can put in a cart or put back on the shelf like it is nothing. People feel like they can replace who they are with at any time and thus don’t try to even make a real connection. It is fine for many to know someone on a surface level and when things go sour, to find someone new and don’t look back. Modern society has inherited some of Stendhal’s beliefs about the superficiality and vanity involved in love, but also added a modern apathy on the idea.

An adult comes to terms with his desires and understands that one doesn’t get everything he desires in the real world. To not get what he wants is a blow to Werther’s fragile inward world because he then feels the real world. Like a child, Werther wishes to be taken care of by others. He can thus keep living in his dream world without worry. Lotte is a mother figure who Werther wishes to be dependent on and care for him because he can’t care for himself. He also needs protection from having the real world spoil his inward life. She fills the void in his life of a nurturing force that gives him happiness. Werther falls in love with the feeling of having that void closed. Lotte as a person is not who Werther falls in love with, rather what she represents as a mother figure that can protect him. He is essentially a child in need of a mother who can keep all the bad away from his life, rather than an adult who can take on his problems and live in reality. Werther’s suicide is also due to his childish nature. Even below a child, Werther can be seen as an infant who is completely dependent on his mother in the womb. For Werther to commit suicide , he would be going back to his origins even before he was in the womb. Death also represents a type of ultimate dream. Only in death is it possible to completely leave the objective world and possibly to live in fantasy forever. If Werther’s inner world was able to transcend his body, he could stay within that world forever without ever being interrupted. Werther is a child who plays a game of make-believe with the rest of the world. He is quite smart and sometimes can think for himself, like his rejection of the class biases he experienced as a clerk, but he cannot fully face all his problems like a man. For Werther, the idea of Lotte was so critical to his happiness that he was unable to control himself. His inner deficiencies led him to crave Lotte in such a way that he became a child again. 1.What is the connection between ontology and love? Explain in what ways spiritual love differs from romance? In what way does spiritual love set an ideal for human sentimental love. Explain and justify whether in your view ontological love (spiritual love) may provide a useful ideal. Ontology and love are related because to love is to have an understanding of being. Love is the act of completely accepting the reality and being of someone else. To truly love someone, their being must be open for the other person to make a connection. Being is love because to truly be in this world is to love this world. Being in the world is hard for many people and they need to resort to forces in their head to deal. Being itself is a form of love as one must love to be if he is still being. The ideas of spiritual love and romance are actually conflicting ideas. Romance is supposed to be a byproduct of true spiritual love rather than a reason for two people to fall in love. The practice of romance and intimacy are actions that can be carried out without spiritual love. If spiritual love is real, there should not need to be any romance between two people: their beings should be enough. To romance someone any more than one has a feeling for is to no longer understand one’s true being and thus to not love. The two concepts of romance and spiritual love have no real connection outside of the generalizations of thought made by society. We group the two because they both involve loving in some way, but it is possible for the two to be mutually exclusive. Spiritual love sets ideal for human sentimental love because spiritual love contains understanding and peace that can be strived for in a sentimental love. Love has been described as finding the soul’s counterpart in another. Spiritual love can be viewed as finding the soul’s counterpart with the universe so that there is nothing but pure being. A relationship can have two people simply be with one another and have the understanding and acceptance of each other’s being to find peace in another. The same steps can be taken in spiritual love as sentimental love. Ontological love or spiritual love is an ideal that would allow people to live in peace with their existence, so it is one of the ultimate ideals for which we should strive. Ontological love is the highest form of truth and understanding in this world. People can know and understand so much greater about their existence, so it is a great ideal to which society as a whole should try to reach up to. People would have to lose the distortions of reality they use to give themselves self-gratification, though. For many in society, these distortions aren’t worth giving up for a concept like ontological love. When people embrace love and understanding of being we bring ourselves closer to God, for someone who everything spawned creates love by giving a sense of being. For people, the way to be the most godlike is to lose all the distortions and meaningless that comes from the mind. Thus we finally hit as to why ontological love is such a hard ideal for man to contain: are selves are too complex for being, but not smart enough for full understanding. Humans are too conscious and too critical of creatures to be in true peace, as the brain itself serves as an obstacle to true being. On the other hand, we are not advanced enough to fully understand all the questions of existence and God’s plan. Humans live on a middle ground between the most peace and understanding this world has to offer us and the ultimate understanding and knowledge of God. Thus, to be the most god-like one can be in this world, he must lower himself and free himself of the shackles of his mind to experience life as it truly is, to love life. Explain Stendhal’s theory of love. How does it typify romanticism? What is it the love of? How does its sensualism foreshadow the consumerist view of love prevailing today? The key to love in Stendhal’s view is the process of crystallization, which explains that once someone takes an interest in another, that person is no longer seen as who he/she is but who the lover wants. The crystallization process is broken down into four stages: admiration, acknowledgement, hope and delight. Admiration involves viewing the person on a pedestal. After admiration, the interactions bring about an acknowledgment of the others potential and their own personal interest. Hope allows for both parties to go to great lengths in order to try and be with each other. And finally there is delight in finally getting your partner after having gone through all the steps. The love that Stendhal is speaking of is a self-fulfilling love. It is a love driven by vanity and feeling good about oneself rather than having a real connection to another human being. It also identifies the inner wanting and illusions that falling in love entails. Stendhal deconstructs love and pokes fun at how baseless much of it is. He shows it as a construction of the mind used for self-fulfillment. Stendhal’s view of love foreshadows today’s concept of love where the idea is not held in high esteem. The idea that love has become “consumerist” means that it has become another product that is supposed to make our lives better. Love has ceased to be about a meaningful connection and more about the fulfilling experience. Love has even become a burden to some people, who feel they are too busy to try and love someone. Today’s climate has the general narcissistic tone as Stendhal writes of, but today’s love is different in that love is a commodity which people can do without. There is still a social pressure for member’s of society to have a companion, but today the steps of crystallization don’t begin at all sometimes. People feel alright with having their mate and it is not essential for them to be in love. Society has told love that it does not need it anymore and stopped bothering with it. The other aspect of the consumerism of love is in relation to those people are attracted to. Other people have become like products at a store which we can put in a cart or put back on the shelf like it is nothing. People feel like they can replace who they are with at any time and thus don’t try to even make a real connection. It is fine for many to know someone on a surface level and when things go sour, to find someone new and don’t look back. Modern society has inherited some of Stendhal’s beliefs about the superficiality and vanity involved in love, but also added a modern apathy on the idea.

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